Israelites

also known as Jeshurun (the upright one )

The Israelites are the descendants of Jacob who was later called Israel.

In Egypt

The Israelites' father Israel came to Egypt in year 2236 because of Joseph. When a new king reigned over Egypt, the Israelites were oppressed and cast into slavery. Later they were not allowed to have any male descendats. Moses only stayed alive, because he was discovered by the Pharaoh's daughter.

At a certain age, Moses stood up against the Pharaoh according to God's commands. See Moses#Against the Pharaoh.

Travel

The Israelites wandered for a long time. Their route was:

  1. Egypt
  2. Succoth
  3. Etham
  4. Pi Hahiroth, which is between the Red Sea and Migdol, opposite of Baal Zephon
  5. Desert of Shur
    1. Marah
    2. Elim
  6. Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai
    1. Rephidim (called Massah and Meribah by Moses); fight against the Amalekites
  7. Desert of Sinai
    1. Mount Sinai
      • Moses received the Ten Commandments
      • The Israelites built the golden calf
      • Census of the Israelites. The Israelites had 603,550 men 20 years or older and able to serve in military. This number does not include the Levites.
  8. Kibroth Hattaavah, also called Taberah
    • Complained against Moses and God.
    • Seventy elders received the Spirit of the Lord and prophesied.
  9. Hazeroth
  10. Desert of Paran, Desert of Zin
    1. Kadesh
      • Moses sent out a few messengers to explore the land of Canaan. The men sent out were Shammua, Shaphat, Caleb, Igal, Hoshea, Palti, Gaddiel, Gaddi, Ammiel, Sethur, Nahbi and Geuel. Of these all but Caleb and Hoshea (Joshua) feared the inhabitants of the land and did not want to take over Canaan. God got angry because of this and punished the Israelites. No one of the adults would be allowed to enter the promised land.
      • Korah, Dathan, Abiram and On together with 250 leaders of the Israelites rose up against Moses. But God confirmed, that he had appointed Moses and Aaron and killed the families of Korah, Dathan and Abiram.
      • The community quaralled with Moses and Aaron. God commanded Moses to let water flow out of a rock in the name of the Lord. Moses did so, but in his own name. Because of this, Moses and Aaron were denied entry into the promised land.
  11. Mount Hor, Moserah
    • Aaron dies on Mount Hor, Eleazar becomes priest.
  12. Gudgodah (Deuteronomy 10:7 (NIV, Elberfelder))
  13. Jotbathah (Deuteronomy 10:7 (NIV, Elberfelder))
  14. Hormah, where they wiped out the Canaanites of Arad
  15. Oboth
  16. Iye Abarim, desert that is in the east of Moab
  17. Zered Valley
  18. Arnon, a desert between Moab and the Amorites
  19. Beer
  20. Mattanah
  21. Nahaliel
  22. Bamoth
  23. Valley in Moab where the top of Pisgah overlooks the wasteland
  24. Land of the Amorites, after they had defeated them
  25. Sittim in the plains of Moab, along the Jordan across from Jericho
    • Balaam blessed the Israelites and prophesied, that they would crush other nations
    • The Israelite men began to indulge in sexual immorality with Moabite women. God sent a plague which was stopped when Phinehas killed Zimri.
    • The Israelites were counted again, this time 601,730 men were counted.
    • The land was distributed among the 9.5 tribes that didn't have any land yet.
    • Moses died, Joshua took over the leadership of the Israelites.
    • God declared again that their territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the Euphrates to the Great Sea on the west.
  26. On the other side of the Jordan, at Gibeath Haaraloth, later renamed to Gilgal, near Jericho.
    • The Israelites walked through the Jordan to get to Jericho.
    • Joshua circumcised all Israelites again. They had not been circumcised during the desert time.
  27. Jericho which they destroyed with the help of God.

More details are recorded in the biography of Moses and in Numbers 33 (NIV, Elberfelder).

References also include references to "the community of Israel", etc.

References