, are the people that descended from Edom.

The Edomites defeated the Horites to take their land.

When the Israelites were in Kadesh, they asked for permission to cross the land of the Edomites. But the king of Edom did not allow the Israelites to pass the land. The Israelites asked again and the Edomites refused another time. This time, the Edomites marched out with their army against the Israelites. The Israelites then turned away and moved in another direction.

Balaam prophesied that Edom and his enemy Seir would be conquered.