Abraham

Abraham (father of many ) also known as Abram (exalted father )

Abram's Live

Travelling

He followed Terah, Lot and Sarai from Ur of the Chaldeans to Canaan. They settled in Haran.

Then the Lord told him to go out from his father's household to a land that He would show him. The Lord promised Abram to make him into a great nation. So when he was 75 years old (year 2021), he took Sarai, Lot, his possession and all the people they had acquired in Haran with him and went to the land of Canaan. He traveled through the land to Moreh at Shechem. There, the Lord appeared to Abram and told him that He would give this land to Abram's offspring. At this time, the Canaanites were living there. After this promise, Abram built an altar there for the Lord.

He then continiued to Bethel and pitched his tent between Bethel and Ai. Again, Abram built an altar. Then he went to Negev.

Because there was a famine in the land, they traveled to Egypt. There they told the Egypts, that Sarai was his sifter and not his wife. Sarai was then taken to the Pharaoh. Abram became even more rich in Egypt, because he was treated well by the Pharaoh for Sarai's sake. But the Lord brought disaster over the Pharao's house because of Sarai and so they were all sent out of Egypt again.

From Egypt they went to the Negev and then again to Bethel to the place between Bethel and Ai, where he had been before. Both Abram and Lot were very rich. Too rich in fact for the land to support them both. Because of this, a quarelling arose between Abram's and Lot's herdsmen. So they decided to separate and Abram lived in the land of Canaan. He then moved to live near the great trees of Mamre at Hebron. There he built another altar to the Lord.

According to Genesis 16:3 and 16:16, he arrived in Canaan when he was about 76 years old.

Battle

After the king Kedorlaomer had carried Lot away, Abram set out for battle together with Mamre, Eshcol and Aner. The Lord delivered Kedorlaomer and his allies in Abram's hands, though they had to pursue them to Dan and Hobah north of Damascus. Additionally to Lot's possessions, women and all the other people, Abram also fought back the goods of Bera, the king of Sodom. Abram did not accept any of Bera's goods, because he did not want Bera to say that he made Abram rich.

After he had returned from the battle, Abram was blessed by Melchizedek. Abram then gave him a tenth of everything.

Promise of Offspring

Abram feared that he would not have any children and that his estate would go to Eliezer. But God then promised that Abram's descendants will be numerous like the stars. He further said, that Abram would go to his father's place and be buried there, but that the fourth generation would come back into the land of the Amorites.

Hagar and Ishmael

Because Sarai could not get children, she decided to giver her maidservent Hagar as a wife to Abram. When Abram was 86 years old, Hagar born him his first son Ishmael.

Abraham

When Abram was 99 years old, God established a covenant with him. The content of the covenant was:

  • Abram was now called Abraham, Sarai changed her name to Sarah
  • Sarah will bear Abraham a son, called Isaac
  • Abraham was to circumcise all the males in his household

Sodom and Gomorrah

Also when he was 99 or maybe one year later, when he was 100, three men came to visit Abraham and Sarah. Abraham and Sarah served them with food. The men said again, that in one year's time, Sarah was to have a child. She did not believe this.

When the tree men went on, the Lord told Abraham, that he was about to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah. Abraham then pledged the Lord not destroy the city if 10 righteous men could be found.

Abimelech

Abraham then moved on into the region of the Negev and lived between Kadesh and Shur. For a while he lived in Gerar. He told the people, that Sarah was his sister so she was taken by Abimelech, the king of Gerar. But Abimelech returned her to Abraham after God had told him, that Sarah was Abraham's wife. Additionally, Abimelech provided Abraham with goods and allowed him to live in his land.

Later Abimelech and Abraham made a treaty in Beersheba where they agreed, that Abraham had dug this well. Abraham then planted a tamarisk tree there. He continiued to live in the land of the Philistines for a long time.

Isaac

Abraham was 100 years old, when Sarah bore him Isaac.

After a while, God asked Abraham to take his son Isaac and go to the region of Moriah. There he was to sacrifice Isaac. So Abraham went to Moriah. He left his servants behind and went alone with Isaac. When he was just about to kill his son, the angel of the Lord stopped him. God then provided a ram which Abraham then sacrificed. Because of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his own son, God told him that he would make Abraham's descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky.

Sarah's Death

Sarah died with 127 years. Abraham then bought a field from Ephron for 400 shekels of silver. This field was located in Machpelah near Mamre (Hebron) in the land of Canaan.

Last years

Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah. She bore him a few more sons.

He left everything he owned to Isaac but during his live he gave gifts to the sons of his concubines. He also sent them away from Isaac to the land of the east.

Abraham died with 175 years. He was buried with his wife Sarah.

Timeline

Timeline of Abraham

References